4th Street Corridor Urban Walking Trail.
By: Samantha Alexis Smith & Samantha Yung
Urban walking trails are designated pathways through urban landscapes, like downtown cities, that incorporate physical activity with education and help pedestrians get from one destination to another.
Urban walking trails are designated pathways through urban landscapes, like downtown cities, that incorporate physical activity with education and help pedestrians get from one destination to another. Urban walking trails often connect one destination to another in a city and have stopping points along the way for pedestrians to gain knowledge about the surrounding area. These stopping points can highlight important architectural structures, historical sites, suggest nearby restaurants, and other points of interest.
Since urban walking trails can connect significant locations to one another, they also provide a system known as urban wayfinding. Urban wayfinding is a tactical urbanism technique that uses unconventional means of signage and direction to help pedestrians find their way to a destination. For example, a non-traditional or handmade sign could be posted on a street lamp or telephone pole notifying pedestrians that Central Park is a ten minute walk south. Urban walking trails can integrate urban wayfinding methods into their trail systems to effectively and efficiently guide pedestrians to their desired destination.
Where will the trail begin and end?
The 4th street corridor urban walking trail will stretch between the Ohio River waterfront on 4th street near the Galt House Hotel and the Central Avenue entrance to Churchill Downs (near 6th Street). Pedestrians can begin at either destination or start their urban journey anywhere along the corridor.
How long is the 4th street corridor trail?
The 4th street corridor urban walking trail is approximately five miles long between the Waterfront and Churchill Downs.
How will the 4th street corridor trail function?
Pedestrians will be able to navigate the 4th street urban walking trail by a series of wayfinding signage accompanied by informational plaques. The corridor trail will essentially be a low maintenance and low cost idea once implemented. These plaques will be constructed of weatherproof materials and will be easily located along the corridor in plain view. The corridor plaques will provide simple and interesting information about a particular feature in the corridor and also help pedestrians find their next destination along the corridor. The plaques will also suggest nearby points of interest such as restaurants, coffee shops, and historical landmarks. It would also be beneficial for the wayfinding signage/plaques to include technology compatibilities (e.g. a Smartphone application, UPC codes, etc.) that help the user interact more completely with the system and be able to share via social media where they are on the trail, how far they have gone, etc. The Smartphone app could also include images, interactive maps, Destinations, recommended points of interest, and admission fees and hours (if applicable).
Why does the 4th street corridor need an urban walking trail?
Urban walking trails are a unique and educational experience for pedestrians in urban settings. Pedestrians get to learn about the city and have the added bonus of outdoor exercise. Additionally, urban wayfinding systems can provide residents and visitors alike with a guide to the local landmarks, historical areas, and points of interest that may otherwise be overlooked. The small city of Lancaster, Pennsylvania is one example of a city that has experienced great benefits from installing a wayfinding system. After installing a city-wide system in 1999, Lancaster experienced a 10% increase in attendance at five major attractions/destinations—in just one year! (Urban Wayfinding Planning and Implementation Manual, 2013). Moreover, there are many reasons why urban walking trails could be a positive addition to the 4th street corridor—the foremost one being the multitude of benefits that installing a wayfinding system can create.
Benefits of an Urban wayfinding system along the 4th street corridor:
- Makes the corridor more interesting and attractive
- Engages residents and visitors
- Gets people walking, exploring, learning about the corridor
- Supports local businesses
- Puts more “eyes on the street” (i.e. promotes safety)
- Inspires a bigger connectivity of trails throughout the city
- Provides opportunities for tourists to go beyond the confines of downtown and explore other parts of the corridor and the city
What will the 4th street corridor trail signs look like?
The information plaques will be constructed of attractive weatherproof materials and will be easily located along the corridor in plain view. The plaques will be no more than three or four feet off the sidewalk to allow for easy reading by pedestrians, children, and wheel chair users. The corridor plaques will provide simple, easy to read and interesting information about a particular feature in the corridor and also help pedestrians find their next destination along the corridor. All Louisville residents and visitors should be able to enjoy these creative and fun wayfinding information plaques. Information should be provided in Braille for visually impaired pedestrians and, ideally, a form of audio rendering of the information could also be provided.
A unique addition to one or more plaques could also be to coincide with Idea #20 on the 100 Ideas for the Corridor. A sidewalk chalk station could be set up next to an information plaque to allow children a chance to beautify the sidewalk while taking a break from walking the corridor with a parent or guardian. In an effort to strengthen communication throughout the corridor community, a covered bulletin-board style community board should be installed in each of the four segments of the corridor (Downtown, SoBro, Old Louisville, and South Central). Local residents, business owners, and even corridor trail users can post information about upcoming events, raise awareness for local issues, or even post items for sale or donation they may have.
In addition to offering fun, trivial information about each featured destination, each plaque will detail the distance from either starting point (the waterfront or Churchill Downs) and include the distance to the next point of interest. The plaques will also suggest nearby points of interest such as restaurants, coffee shops, and historical landmarks. It would also be beneficial for the wayfinding signage plaques to include technology compatibility (e.g. a Smartphone application, UPC codes, etc.) that help the user interact more completely with the system and be able to share via social media where they are on the trail, how far they have gone, etc.
How will the 4th street corridor trail be funded and managed?
There are a variety of options as to who could manage the corridor trail. Louisville Metro, the Louisville Downtown Partnership, and/or the Louisville Downtown Management District would be ideal places to start. Moreover, funding could come from local businesses that could benefit from increased resident and visitor exposure from the signage aspect of the system. The minimal costs of the wayfinding system could also make it easier to obtain local business sponsorships. Businesses could sponsor a particular plaque or point of interest, and they could also serve as an important resource for historical information of the surrounding areas. Potential businesses that would make good sponsors would be retail, restaurants, and churches located along the corridor. Moreover, brochures that include maps and information pertaining to the wayfinding system could also be distributed by local businesses as a way to promote the use of the system.
How much will the the 4th street corridor trail cost?
The corridor trail already conveniently follows the existing sidewalk system throughout the corridor. No additional materials will be needed to physically construct the walking trail. The only cost to the physical infrastructure of the trail would be sidewalk repairs funded by Louisville Metro. The only cost of the corridor trail will be the costs associated with the wayfinding signage plaques, the addition of sidewalk lighting, a community bulletin board, and street furniture accompanying some or all of the plaques. Additional costs of promoting the corridor trail will also need to be considered, however these costs will be a relatively insignificant amount in relation to the overall corridor trail expenses.
Depending on the materials used, the size of the signage plaques, and the amount of information generated on the plaques, the cost per plaque could range anywhere from a few hundred dollars to a few thousand dollars. The proposed corridor trail currently recommends 20 locations where plaques would be needed estimating the cost of the corridor trail plaques to be anywhere from approximately $4000 to $40,000. These figures represent the drastically low financial burden of installing and implementing plaques for the corridor trail in relation to larger scale projects.
In order to encourage a sense of perceived and physical safety, pedestrian scaled lighting fixtures should be installed in poorly lit or more secluded sections of the corridor trail. Dusk to dawn lighting is the most appropriate choice for the purposes of the corridor trail and will permit pedestrians to use the corridor trail even after the sun goes down. This kind of lighting can range in costs from approximately $5-$20 per lighting fixture per month. Solar lighting fixtures are also an environmentally friendly and inexpensive light option for the corridor trail. After the initial installation costs, solar lighting fixtures along the corridor will not require any additional energy costs over the lifetime of the fixture.
The final corridor trail costs are the addition of the four community bulletin boards and street furniture or bench-style seating along the corridor trail to provide pedestrians with a place to rest throughout their walk or run. Street furniture is also a relatively inexpensive addition to the corridor trail. The cost of an attractive, sturdy, and weather resistant park bench can be as low as $100. Even if a park bench was situated at every signage plaque destination stop along the corridor trail, the total cost could be as low as $2000. A simple and cost effective way to provide park benches along the corridor trail would be for the local businesses featured along the trail, or even other interested businesses seeking advertisement opportunities, to “donate a bench.” The four community boards, which could cost as little as less than $200 a piece, could also be donated. The cost of a covering the community board would also need to be accounted for, but again would represent a relatively low financial expense.
How will the 4th street corridor trail be promoted?
In order for the 4th street corridor trail to be successful, corridor residents and visitors must first be aware such a trail exists. The promotion of the corridor trail will be critical in making the trail more visible and well known. In addition to promoting the corridor trail with flyers, posters, and signs, other ways to promote the corridor trail include: promotion through social media, radio and TV advertisements, and door-to-door promotion. One important and fun way to bring attention to the corridor trail is to have a kick-off event. Parties involved in the management and funding of the corridor trail, as well as corridor trail volunteers and residents, could organize and promote the kick-off event. The kick-off event could include fun activities such as games, contests, and even a corridor trail scavenger hunt.
The 4th street corridor urban walking trail will have one concluding destination at the Waterfront. Please see Ideas #42 and #63 and on the 100 Ideas List for information pertaining to a revitalized and redeveloped Waterfront.
Belle of Louisville
401 W. River Road
The Belle of Louisville is a national historic landmark one of the oldest steamboats still in operation–She will celebrate her 100th birthday in October 2014. Taking a ride on the Belle of Louisville down the Ohio River is a favorite pastime for Louisville residents and visitors. To purchase tickets, click here.
The Galt House Hotel
140 N. 4th St.
After walking south from the waterfront, the second destination on the urban trail is the iconic red-roofed Galt House Hotel overlooking the Ohio River. The Galt House Hotel opened its doors as a hotel in 1837 and today is still Louisville’s only riverfront hotel and offers the always anticipated holiday event, Christmas at the Galt House. Click here for a history of the Galt House Hotel.
Nearby Points of Interest
Jeff Ruby Louisville LLC 325 W Main St #120
Smashburger 312 S 4th St
Actors Theatre of Louisville
316 W Main St.
The historic Actors Theatre of Louisville is a short walk east from the corner of 4th Street and Main Street. As Louisville’s premier theater establishment, the Actors Theatre has served as a cornerstone of the revitalization of Louisville’s Main Street. For a history of the Actors Theatre, click here.
4th Street Live
420 W Liberty St
4th Street Live is a popular entertainment district for both Louisville residents and tourists offering a variety of restaurants, retail establishments, and a vibrant nightlife. Pedestrians can continue walking south on 4th Street and pass through all that this destination has to offer both day and night.
Nearby Points of Interest
Hard Rock Café 424 S 4th St
Maker’s Mark Bourbon House & Lounge 446 S 4th St
S. 4th St. & Muhammad Ali Blvd.
At this intersection in downtown Louisville in 1958, Thomas Merton had his famous moment of enlightenment. In 2008, this intersection was formally dedicated as Thomas Merton Square, and a historical marker now resides at the site.
The Seelbach Hilton Hotel
500 S 4th St
The historic Seelbach Hilton Hotel opened its doors in 1905 and inspired the pages of The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald. It is also on the National Register of Historic Places. For a history of the hotel, click here.
The Louisville Palace Theatre
625 S 4th Street
The Louisville Palace Theatre, located on the east side of 4th street between Broadway and Chestnut, is downtown Louisville’s premier venue to catch the best of live entertainment and is on the National Register of Historic Places.
Nearby Points of Interest
Sicilian Pizza & Pasta 627 S 4th St
Safier Mediterranean 641 S 4th St
Bluegrass Brewing Company 660 S 4th St
The Brown Hotel
335 W. Broadway
Opened in 1923, The Brown Hotel is another historic and luxurious hotel that downtown Louisville has to offer. It was used for many scenes in the popular movie Elizabethtown and can be found on the National Register of Historic Places. For a history of the Brown Hotel, click here.
The Brown Theater
315 W. Broadway
Opened in 1923, the historic Brown Theatre is a lavishly restored showplace. For history and ticketing information, click here.
SoBro (South of Broadway) is an area of the 4th street corridor that sits in a unique position between downtown and Old Louisville. The general boundaries of SoBro are Broadway on the north, Kentucky avenue on the south, I-65 on the east and 9th street on the west.
301 York St.
Built in 1906, the Louisville Free Public Library’s Main branch is listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic places and is also a local landmark. For a history of the historic library, click here.
The 800 Apartments Skyscraper
800 S. 4th Steet
Built in 1963, the 800 Apartments are a local residential tower, and up until 2004, it was the tallest residential building in Louisville. Recognized locally for its unique architecture and mid-century/modern design, the 80o building is hard to miss with its turquoise blue aluminum panels.
845 S. 3rd St.
Established in 1814 by the Sisters of Charity of Nazareth, Spalding University represents a legacy of education. Today, Spalding is an urban, co-educational institution that offers more than two dozen degree programs. For more information on the history and heritage of Spalding, click here.
861 S. 4th St.
Presentation Academy, a Catholic college preparatory academy for young women founded in 1831, is Louisville’s oldest continuously operating school and is listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.
971 S. 4th St.
Memorial Park is a small urban park across the street from Memorial Auditorium.
970 S. 4th St.
Memorial Auditorium is a concert venue and historic memorial of Greek Revival design.
Nearby Points of Interest
Ollie’s Trolley: 978 S. 3rd St.
Old Louisville is considered the United States’ second largest National Historic Preservation District and is home to wide array of historic architecture and amenities.
1022 S. 3rd St.
This historic Richardsonian Romanesque mansion built in 1888 is a beautiful bed and breakfast.
1317 S. 4th St.
This historic bed and breakfast, located in the heart of Old Louisville, offers a selection of services amenities.
1310 S. 3rd St.
Founded in 1884, The Filson Historical Society is a historical society located in Old Louisville. Since 1986, the Ferguson Mansion has served as the Society’s headquarters, and it is one of the best examples of Beaux Arts architecture in Louisville.
1340 S. 4th St.
Designed by the famous landscape architect, Frederick Law Olmsted, Central Park is a 16.67 acre park located in the heart of the historic Old Louisville neighborhood.
St. James Court
1387 S. 4th St.
Home of the famous St. James Court Art Fair, St. James Court is arguably one of the most iconic, picturesque residential streets in Louisville. Home to a variety of historic Victorian homes and intricate architecture, this street is a must see for visitors and residents alike.
South Central (University of Louisville/Churchill Downs)
325 W. Cardinal Boulevard
Cardinal Towne is a mixed residential and commercial use destination that can be enjoyed both by university students and the general public.
Nearby Points of Interest:
Comfy Cow 339 W Cardinal Blvd
Quills Coffee 327 W. Cardinal Blvd
University of Louisville Belknap Campus
Pedestrians traveling along the 4th street corridor urban walking trail will be able to access and explore the University of Louisville’s main campus from 3rd street.
Speed Art Museum
2035 S 3rd St
The J.B. Speed Art Museum is considered to be Kentucky’s top museum and will reopen in 2016 after an extensive renovation.
University of Louisville Oval
2301 S 3rd St
Nearby Points of Interest:
Grawmeyer Hall & The Thinker
2302 S 3rd St
Stansbury Park is a recreational urban green space situated between the University of Louisville and 4th Street.
Wagner’s Pharmacy 3113 S 4th St
700 Central Ave
Home of the world famous Kentucky Derby, Churchill Downs is one of the top horse racing tracks in the world and is located on the 4th street corridor. It is also a registered national historic landmark.
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